Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society. Azad saw an opportunity to energise Indian Muslims and achieve major political and social reform through the struggle. The Muslim in India”, he quoted from a speech Patel had made on August 11, , four days before Partition. In response, the Congress and other political parties appointed a commission under Motilal Nehru to propose constitutional reforms from Indian opinions. The political environment in India re-energised in with nationalist outrage against the Simon Commission appointed to propose constitutional reforms. He made a distinction between religious conversion, which requires deep reflection on issues of theology and what the constitution calls “mass conversions”. An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad was running a library, a reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; wanted to write on the life of Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Makhzan a literary magazine at fourteen;  was teaching a class of students, most of whom were twice his age, when he was fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age.
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Archived from the original on 5 March The British tried to shut his voice by banning his publications, but Azad kept moving, leading the Khilafat movement and becoming the youngest president of the Indian National Congress in He tirelessly advocated for a single India that would embrace both Hindus and Muslims while strongly opposing the partition of British India into independent India and Pakistan. InMaulana Azad was arrested for violation of the salt laws as part of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha.
The governments of the Bombay PresidencyUnited ProvincesPunjab and Delhi prohibited his entry into the provinces and Azad was moved to a jail in Ranchiwhere he was incarcerated until 1 January While pursuing his traditional Islamic studies, it is believed that Azad started learning English without his father knowing about it. He travelled all over the country giving speeches and leading various programs of the movement.
Azad, Nehru and Patel would briefly speak about the nation and the future. Feeling that a struggle would not force a British exit, Azad and Nehru warned that such a campaign would divide Szad and make the war situation even more precarious. Al-Hilal played an important role in forging Hindu-Muslim unity after the bad blood created between the two communities in the aftermath of Morley-Minto reforms.
Keep Exploring Britannica Jesus. He came back to Calcutta with his family in He may have had grievances with Nehru but that did not prevent avul from dedicating “India Wins Freedom” to “Jawaharlal, Friend and Comrade”.
The provinces of Bengal and Punjab were to be partitioned on religious lines, and on 3 June the British announced a proposal to partition India on religious lines, with the princely states free to choose between either dominion. Maulana Azad’s Political History.
Faced with the serious possibility of a civil war, Azad abstained from voting on the resolution, remaining silent and not speaking throughout the AICC session, which ultimately approved the plan. Notify me of new posts by email. He established an Urdu weekly newspaper in called Al-Hilal and openly attacked British policies while exploring the challenges facing common people, but it was banned in Francis, the bishop of Rome and the leader of the Roman Catholic Church —.
Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movementduring which he came into close contact with the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi Mukherjee Shinde Kharge. There was a problem with your submission.
Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in BengalBihar and Bombay now called Mumbai.
Retrieved 1 April Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Despite being a Muslim, Azad often stood against the radicalizing policies of other prominent Muslims leaders like Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
He became the Congress president in and continued till and during that time, the Quit India rebellion also came up. Despite Azad’s call for Hindu-Muslim unity, Jinnah’s popularity amongst Muslims soared and the League entered a coalition with the Congress in December, but continued to boycott the constituent assembly. Although his proposal was overwhelmingly rejected, Azad and a few others agreed that Gandhi and the Congress had not done enough. Azad learned Arabic and Persian first and then philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra.
The Elephant, the Tiger and the Cellphone: The Ministry of Minority Affairs of the central Government of India set up the Maulana Azad Education Foundation in on the occasion of his birth centenary to promote education amongst educationally backward sections of the Society.
The killing of unarmed civilians at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on 13 April had provoked intense outrage all over India, alienating most Indians, including long-time British supporters, from the authorities. He nominated Nehru, who replaced him as Congress president and led the Congress into the interim government. The Sultan had sided against the British in the war and the continuity of his rule came under serious threat, causing distress amongst Muslim conservatives.